ANNONA EMARGINATA (FORMER ROLLINIA EMARGINATA) AND ANNONA SYLVATICA (ROLLINIA SYLVATICA)
POPULAR NAMES: ARITICUM DO MATO, ARITICUM MIRIM, ARACHITCHU, FOREST ARACHITCHU
COMMENT: THERE ARE SPECIES OF ONE GENUS, WHICH DOES NOT EXIST ANYMORE.
Forest Arachitchu (A. sylvatica)
Arachitchu (A. emarginata )
INDIGENOUS NAME: Araticum comes from the Tupi and means "fruit of soft mass," the Ariticum do mato receives one second name "Apo" which means "anguloso" in allusion to the shape of the shell, and describe indigenous "Mirim" means "Small fruit."
Origin: Both species occur in the semideciduous forest (which lose their leaves in a time of year) of rainforest from Minas Gerais to Rio Grande do Sul. The A. emarginata appears also in Mato Grosso and sandbanks in the southern Brazil and Paraguay.
is a deciduous
tree (which losts the leaves in winter) of
Planted in the site of Frutas Raras: The ariticum mirim was planted in October 2001 and flourished in 2003 for the first time and bear fruit the first time in 2004. The Forest Arachitchu bush was planted in January 2002, blossomed in 2004, bear fruit in 2005.
growing: Both species
are subtropical, more resistant to temperate climates where frosts occur to -
3°C (27°F), can be grown throughout the country, at any altitude; adapts to any
type of soil, which drain the water well of rain or even clay soils subject to
flooding in the rivers edge.
The space for the
planting of ariticum mirim is 4 x
Seeds are dormant when dry,
when once planted, germinate in
Can be planted in full sun
or reforestation as mixed species produce edible fruit for wildlife
Make only forming pruning of
the crown and remove branches that were appeared at the base of the trunk or
that cross into the crown. Fertilizers containing organic compound can be (
Uses: The fruit pulp is sweet and the flesh must be removed by sucking and scraping the seeds with teeth.
Flowering in the site of Frutas Raras: From September to January for Ariticum mirim and from November to January for Forest Arachitchu.
Fruiting in the site of Frutas Raras: From November to April for the Ariticum mirim and from February to March for the Forest Arachitchu.
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